UPDATED: Ephesus is located in western Turkey near the town of Selcuk about an hour drive south of Izmir. It’s considered one of the great outdoor museums in the world. The effort to excavate this almost 5000 year old site began in 1869 by the British engineer J. T. Wood under the auspices of the British Museum. In the second century BC, Ephesus was the fourth largest city in the Roman Empire and was probably most famous for the Temple of Artemis (one of the seven wonders of the ancient world), the Library of Celsus and its medical school.
Of course no visit to Ephesus is complete without a photo sitting on the public toilets. The Latrina, built in the first century AD, are the public toilets of Ephesus. The toilets are arranged side by side with no partition between them. They surrounded a square pool in the middle and the floor was covered with mosaics. The toilets were efficient as they had a running flow of water below to continually wash away the waste.
Around the corner from one of the first public libraries in the world and the brothel is what many consider the most magnificent structure in Ephesus: the Odeion Theater. The original structure was covered and held 1400 seated spectators. In addition to holding concerts and plays the Odeion also hosted religious and political discussions and gladiator and animal fights. The Odeion is still used today for concerts by acts such as Sting and Radiohead.
If you’re interested in visiting Ephesus, or Turkey, please contact me at firstname.lastname@example.org. I’d love to share some of my personal experiences from my trip to Ephesus.